Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing
140 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.
Following a one day solo flight Soyuz
14 docked with the space station
July 04, 1974. The crew transferred into the space station and stayed there 14
Presumable military activities (observation of rocket bases) and
some medical and biological experiments were performed. The cosmonauts
exercised for two hours each day to counter the effects of weightlessness. At
the time, the military nature of this mission and the station itself were not
acknowledged by Soviet authorities.
Increased solar activity raised
safety issues, but it was decided radiation levels were within safe limits, so
the flight continued.
Experiments were described by the Soviets, but
analysts presumed that much time was taken up with unreported military
activities. Claims were made in the aerospace press that objects were laid out
at the Baikonur Cosmodrome to photograph to test a high-resolution camera
system on board. Some of the experiments the Soviets described included studies
of the heart and circulatory systems in orbit, studies of intracranial
pressure, monitoring of blood composition, measuring of lung capacity and
inhalation/exhalation rates and the testing of a water purification system
which condensed moisture from the station's atmosphere.
were successfully completed. The capsule landed within 2 km of the aim