Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 114

Soyuz TM-3

Soyuz TM-2


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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  22.07.1987
Launch time:  01:59 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  350 km
Inclination:  51,6°
Docking MIR:  24.07.1987, 03:31:23 UTC
Undocking MIR:  29.12.1987, 05:58:00 UTC
Landing date:  30.07.1987
Landing time:  01:04 UTC
Landing site:  80 km NE of Arkalyk

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alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo


No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Viktorenko  Aleksandr Stepanovich  Commander 1 7d 23h 04m  126 
2  Aleksandrov  Aleksandr Pavlovich  Flight Engineer 2 160d 07h 16m  2537 
3  Faris  Muhammed Achmed  Research Cosmonaut 1 7d 23h 04m  126 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Viktorenko
2  Aleksandrov
3  Faris
1  Romanenko
2  Aleksandrov
3  Levchenko

Animations: Soyuz

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Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Soloviyov  Anatoli Yakovlevich  Commander
2  Savinykh  Viktor Petrovich  Flight Engineer
3  Habib  Munir Habib  Research Cosmonaut

alternate crew photo


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing with Soyuz TM-2 spacecraft 80 km northeast of Arkalyk.

After launch the Soyuz TM-3 maneuvered from an initial 231 X 217 km orbit to MIR's 311 x 359 km orbit.
Following a two day solo flight Soyuz TM-3 docked the with the rear port of the MIR space station on July 24, 1987. The spacecraft automatically docked to the Kvant1 port, but they had to use a lever to break the hatch's seal.

Aleksandr Aleksandrov became Aleksandr Laveykin's replacement aboard MIR, becoming Yuri Romanenko's new partner. The visiting expedition observed Syria (Euphrat experiment) and conducted materials processing experiments, but also biological experiments.

Syrian guest cosmonaut Muhammed Faris and Soviet cosmonaut Aleksandr Viktorenko returned to Earth in Soyuz TM-2 with Aleksandr Laveykin, who was diagnosed by ground based doctors as having minor heart problems.

The spacecraft undocked from MIR at 08:34 UTC on July 29, 1987. The Orbital Module was jettisoned before retrofire and left in a 308 x 356 km orbit. Soyuz TM-2 landed at 01:04 UTC with the crew of Muhammed Faris, Aleksandr Laveykin and Aleksandr Viktorenko aboard.


Aleksandr Aleksandrov landed on December 29, 1987 at 09:16 UTC with Soyuz TM-3 spacecraft.

Photos / Drawings

crew in training


Last update on June 25, 2014.